Q: If YAHSHUA is YAHWEH as you suggest, who brought Him back to life?
A: Good question, and one to which Scripture provides the answer.
Jonah 2:2 I called to YAHWEH...and he answered me. From the stomach of the grave I cried and you heard my voice...  Waters encompassed me unto life, the deep closed around me, weeds were wrapped around my head.  I went down to the base of the mountains; the earth with its bars were behind me forever. But you brought up My life from the pit, O YAHWEH my Elohim...  And I offer to you with a word of thanksgiving, paying what I have vowed. Salvation (YAHSHUA) is of YAHWEH.
Luke 11:29 And while the crowds were thronging YAHSHUA began to say, "This generation is wicked. It seeks a sign and no sign shall be given to it except the sign of Jonah the prophet,  for as Jonah became a sign to the Ninevites, so also the Son of Adam shall be to this generation...
Luke 12:56 Hypocrites, You know to discern the face of the heaven and of the earth, but HOW IS IT YOU DO NOT DISCERN THIS TIME?
Matthew 12:40 For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the stomach of the great fish, so shall the Son of Adam be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.  Men of Nineveh shall stand up in the judgment with this generation and condemn it because they repented at the preaching of Jonah, and look, a greater than Jonah is here.
John 10:18. No one takes (My life) from Me, but I lay it down of Myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it up again. This command I have received from My Father.
John 2:19b. Destroy this Dwelling Place and in three days I SHALL RAISE IT.  Then the Jews said, It took forty-six years to build this Dwelling Place, and YOU are going to raise it in three days?  But He spoke about the dwelling place of His Body.  So when He was raised from the dead, His taught ones remembered that He had said this to them, and they believed the Scripture and the word which YAHSHUA had spoken.
So the answer to the question is clearly spelled out right here: First YAHSHUA says "I lay (my life) down of myself (and) I have power to take it up again", and then "destroy this dwelling place (of my body) and in three days I will raise it (to life again)". Of course with men this is impossible (see Matthew 19:26), and will surely send the anti-missionary into hysterical fits as it did the Yahudim, but remember that YAHSHUA is YAHWEH, and this was the only sign he gave an evil and adulterous generation concerning His Messiahship. A powerful sign it indeed was!
Matthew 16:1 And the Pharisees and the Sadducees came, and trying Him asked that He would show them a sign from heaven.  And he answering said to them, "When it is evening you say 'Fair weather, for the heaven is red',  and in the morning 'Stormy weather today, for the heaven is red and overcast'. You know how to discern the face of the heaven, but you are unable to discern the signs of the times!
Luke 19:41 And as He came near He...wept... saying "If you only knew today the matters for your peace, but now they are hidden from your eyes...[44b] because you did not recognize the time of your visitation."
Comparing these verses to Tanakh, we find in startling clarity that Yahshua's words were not His own, but rather a reminder to Israel of the prophetic warning voiced by Isaiah and Jeremiah many years before.
Isaiah 61:1 The Spirit of the Sovereign YAHWEH is upon me, because YAHWEH has ANNOINTED me (H#4886 MASHACH, meaning "divine annointing", and the root of H#4899 MASHIYACH or "Messiah") to preach good news to the poor.  He has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim release to the captives, and release from darkness to the prisoners, to proclaim the year of YAHWEH's ACCEPTANCE, FAVOR, or GOODWILL (H#7522 RASON, from #7521 RASAH, meaning "to accept, pay for sin, receive grace, or be esteemed"), and closely related to #7523 & 24, RASACH, meaning "to be murdered, killed, put to death, or dying agony"), and the day of vengeance of our Elohim, to comfort all who mourn.
Jeremiah 8:7 Even a stork in the heavens knows her appointed times, and a turtledove and a swallow and a thrush observe the time of their coming, but my people do not discern the right ways of YAHWEH... [9b] See, they have rejected the Word of YAHWEH, so what wisdom do they have... [10b] From the prophet to the priest, all act falsely,  and they heal the breach of the daughter of my people slightly saying "Shalom, shalom" when there is no shalom... [12b] So they shall fall among those who fall, and they shall stumble in the time of their visitation, said YAHWEH... [13b] and WHAT I GAVE THEM SHALL PASS AWAY FROM THEM (until they say) [14a] "Why are we sitting still? Gather yourselves and let us go into the walled cities and let us be silent there... We looked for peace, but there was no good, and for a time of healing, but see, fear!..".  Observe the voice, the cry of the daughter of my people from a distant land, saying "Is YAHWEH not in Tziyon? Is her sovereign (or kingship) not in her?...  The harvest is past, the summer is ended, and we have not been saved."  For the breach of the daughter of my people I have been broken. I have grown sad, astonishment has seized me.  "Is their no balm in Gilead, is there no healer there? Why has the healing of the daughter of my people not come?"
Jeremiah 23:9 My heart within me is broken because of the prophets; all my bones shake, I am like a drunken man, and like a man overcome by wine, because of YAHWEH and His set-apart Word.  For the land is filled with adulterers, for the land mourns because of a curse...  for both prophet and priest have become defiled.  Therefore their way is to them like slippery ways in the dark. They are driven on and they shall fall in them for I bring evil on them in the year of their visitation, declares YAHWEH...  They keep on saying to those who despise Me, "YAHWEH has said you shall have shalom"...  But who has stood in the counsel of YAHWEH, and has SEEN AND HEARD HIS WORD, AND LISTENED TO HIS WORD, AND OBEYED IT?
The lament of "the daughter of my people" was, in startling and heartbreaking clarity, also fulfilled by the "elders of the people" in due turn.
"When the members of the Sanhedrin found themselves deprived of their right over life and death, a general consternation took possession of them: they covered their heads with ashes, and their bodies with sackcloth, exclaiming:'Woe unto us for the scepter (or Kingship) has departed from Judah and the Messiah has not come'." (1)
"The Sanhedrin wept and said, 'Woe to us! Where is the Messiah? He had to have come by now.....Perish all those who calculate the end, for men will say, since the predicted end is here and the Messiah has not come, he will never come!.....All the calculated ends have already passed, and now it depends entirely on repentance and good deeds'." (2)
Now keeping in mind that YAHSHUA was the aspect of YAHWEH which appeared to men in the Tanakh, in Genesis 18 YAHWEH appears to Abraham and promises that Sarah will have a son.
Genesis 18:14. "Is any matter too hard for YAHWEH? At the appointed time I am going to return to you, according to the time of life, and Sarah is to have a Son."
In the literal PASHAT, this is a prophecy of Isaac's miraculous birth to Sarah who, like Miriam the mother of YAHSHUA, is unable to conceive without divine interception. Keep in mind, however, that Isaac is a type of the Messiah, because YAHSHUA said:
John 8:56. Your Father Abraham was glad that he should see My day, and HE SAW IT and did rejoice.
Re-examining the prophecy of Isaac's birth now in the REMEZ or secondary level of Scriptural interpretation, we find it to also be a Messianic prophecy of YAHSHUA's miraculous birth, such as we also find in the book of Ruth, concerning the conception of Yahshua and his role as the Kinsman Redeemer of Israel.
Ruth 4:11b. Prove your worth in Ephratha, and PROCLAIM THE NAME IN BETHLEHEM... And let your house be like the house of Peretz, whom Tamar bore to Yahudah, of the SEED which YAHWEH does give you from THIS YOUNG WOMAN. And Boaz took Ruth, and she became his wife, and he went in to her and YAHWEH GRANTED HER CONCEPTION and she BORE A SON.  and the women said to Naomi, "Blessed be YAHWEH who has not left you this day WITHOUT A REDEEMER. And let HIS NAME BE PROCLAIMED this day in Israel!  And He shall be to you A RESTORER OF LIFE... [17b] and they called his name "Obed" (i.e. "Servant") and he was the father of Jesse, the father of David, (the ancestor of Messiah).Skipping back now to Genesis and proceeding to more of a SODE or hidden meaning of YAHWEH's promise to Abraham, we find it also to be a prophecy of the final phase in this redemptive process; that is YAHSHUA's miraculous resurrection!
Genesis 18:14. Is any matter too hard for YAHWEH? At the appointed time I (YAHSHUA is speaking) am going to return to you (be resurrected), according to the time of life (three days and nights), and Sarah (Abraham's wife, therefore Abraham/Israel) is to have a Son (which in the REMEZ is the Messiah)."
Q: Seeing that the sign of Jonah was the only sign which YAHSHUA gave, why does Miriam go to the tomb on the 'morning of the resurrection' and we get different accounts from each of the four gospels? Was the tomb open or wasn't it? Was there no one there, or one or two angels? Did she see YAHSHUA there or somewhere else? Why, if this was the confirming sign of His Messiahship, do we get mixed accounts from each gospel concerning it, that IN ANY COURT OF LAW WOULD NOT BE ALLOWED TO STAND AS A WITNESS?
A: Good question, at least if the scenario portrayed by the questioner is correct. To find out, let's take a look at the facts.
Matthew -- Joseph lays YAHSHUA in his new tomb which he had hewn out of rock, and rolled a large stone against the door, with Miriam of Magdala and the other Miriam sitting opposite the tomb. (27:58-61)
Mark -- Joseph lays YAHSHUA in a tomb hewn out of rock, and rolls a stone against the entrance of the tomb. Miriam of Magdala and Miriam (the wife) of Joseph see where he was laid. (15:45-47)
Luke -- Joseph lays YAHSHUA in a tomb hewn out of the rock where no one was yet laid and the women who had come with Him from Galil saw the tomb and how his body was laid. (25:52-55)
John -- Joseph asks for YAHSHUA's body, lays it in a fresh tomb in a garden at the place He was impaled, as it was the preparation day of the Yahudim and the tomb was near (19:38-42).
YAHSHUA is laid by Joseph in a new tomb.
Luke omits the sealing of the tomb.
Yahchanan omits the women watching.
There is no discrephancy.
- Matthew -- Toward dawn on the first day of the week, Miriam of
Magdala and the other Miriam come to see the tomb after the earthquake and
find the stone rolled back from the door. (28:1,2)
Mark -- Very early on the first day of the week when
the sun was risen, Miriam of Magdala and Miriam, the mother of Ya'aqob and
Shelomah (YAHSHUA's half-brothers) come to the tomb with spices, wondering who
will roll the stone from the entrance of the tomb, and looking up, they see
the stone has been rolled away. (16:2-4)
Luke -- On the first day of the week at early dawn,
Miriam of Magdala, Yohanah, and Miriam, the mother of Ya'aqob come to the tomb
with spices and find the stone rolled away. (24:1-2,10)
John -- Early on the first day of the week
while it was still dark, Miriam of Magdala comes to the tomb and finds the
stone removed from the entrance, runs in a panic and tells Kepha/Peter and
Yahchanan "They have taken the Master out of the tomb and we do not know where
they laid him" (20:1-2) -- then later returns (20:11).
Miriam of Magdala comes early the first day while still dark and leaves
in a panic at not finding YAHSHUA's body.
She returns when the sun is risen with YAHSHUA's mother, and Yohanah,
who question amongst themselves who will roll the stone away.
accounts confirm that the stone was rolled away when the women arrived.
Matthew, Mark, and Luke omit Miriam of Magdala's first visit to the
Luke includes Yohanah (and possibly others) among the women
visiting the tomb.
Yahchanan only mentions Miriam of Magdala.
Although only Luke records Yohanah's presence with the two Miryams,
we conclude by necessary inference that it was YAHSHUA's mother and Yohanah
(disbelieving Miryam's report that the body has been stolen), who question
who will roll the stone away in Mark's account, as Miryam of Magdala had
already visited and found the tomb open and empty.
Matthew -- Women see a messenger of YAHWEH who came down from
heaven, with an appearance like lightening and clothes white as snow, sitting
on the stone terrifying the guards, who says, "Do not be afraid for I know
that you seek YAHSHUA who was impaled. He is not here for He was raised
as he said. Come see the place where he lay and quickly tell his taught
ones they will see him in Galilee as I have told you. (28:2-7)
Mark -- Entering the tomb, the women see a young man
sitting on the right wearing a white robe who says "Do not be
astonished. You seek YAHSHUA of Nazareth who was impaled. He was
raised and is not here. See the place where they laid him, and go say to
his taught ones and Kepha that He is going before you into Galil; you shall
see him there as He said to you. (16:5-7)
Luke -- The women enter tomb, perplexed at not
finding his body, and are frightened by two men standing by them in glittering
garments, who say "Why do you seek the living among the dead? He is not
here but has been raised up as he said. (24:3-6)
John  nbsp; -- Miriam of Magdala, standing outside
the tomb weeping (returned) stoops down and sees two messengers in white
sitting, one at the head and one at the feet where YAHSHUA's body had been
laid, who ask "Woman, why do you weep?" Miriam answers, "Because they
took away my Master and I do not know where they laid him" (20:11-13).
Matthew and Mark record one messenger dressed in white, who
appears as a young man sitting on the stone on the right side of the
Luke records two men in
glittering garments who stand by the women in the
Yahchanan records two
messengers in white sitting, one at the head and one at the foot of the
In Matthew and Mark's account the women see one man sitting on
the stone at the head of the tomb where YAHSHUA was laid. John records
a second messenger at the foot of the tomb who is only seen by Miriam of
Magdala through her tears upon stooping down. Both men / messengers
presumably arise from their seated positing upon the appearance of the
women, reconciling Luke with the other three
No discrepancies or contradictions exist which cannot be
reconciled by comparative analysis of the accounts.
Matthew -- The women leave quickly with fear and great joy to
report to His taught ones. (28:8)
Mark -- The women flee from the tomb, trembling and bewildered,
speaking to no one for they were afraid, and even after His appearance, Miriam
of Magdala reports to the others mourning and weeping, and is not believed
Luke -- Returning from the tomb they report to the others, who
account their words as nonsense and do not believe. (24:9,11)
There are no discrepancies. the women are both joyful at
the news, and yet remain doubtful, like the other disciples, that YAHSHUA is
risen. Additionally, they are still overcoming their fear and unexpected
surprise at being confronted by the messengers and finding YAHSHUA's body
missing from the tomb, which means that, if He isn't risen, His body has
been stolen as Miriam of Magdala was first to suspect.
Matthew -- As the women were going (leaving the tomb) YAHSHUA met
them saying "Do not be afraid. Go report to my brothers and go to
Galilee and they shall see me there." They hold him by the feet and do
Mark -- YAHSHUA appears first to Miriam of Magdala,
from whom he had cast out seven demons, and she reports to those who had been
with him that he was alive and had been seen of her. (16:9,10)
Luke -- The women report seeing a "vision of
messengers" saying He is alive (24:22-23)
John -- Turning from the two messengers
in white at the entrance of the tomb, Miriam of Magdala sees YAHSHUA standing,
asking "Why do you weep? Whom do you seek?" Supposing him to be the
gardener Miriam replies "If you have taken Him away say to me where you put
him." (20:14-15) She recognizes YAHSHUA, however, as her "Rabboni" when
he calls her name, and says "Do not hold on to Me, but go to My brothers and
say "I am ascending to My Father and your Father, and to My Elohim and your
Elohim. (20:16-17) Miryam therefore comes announcing this to the taught
There are no discrepancies. YAHSHUA meets the
women as they turn and begin leaving the tomb, appearing to Miryam of
Magdala first. They hold him by the feet and do obeisance, but are
told "do not hold on (or cling) to me, but go announce what I have told you
to my brothers. As Luke records, they still account it as a vision,
and doubt the reality of it themselves.
Luke -- Kepha/Peter runs to tomb (after being told by the women
that YAHSHUA is risen) and stooping down sees linen wrappings laying by
themselves and returns home marveling at what took place. (24:11-12,24)
John -- Kepha and Yahchanan run to the tomb (recorded between
Miriam of Magdala's first and second visit) and find the linen wrappings
laying and the cloth that was on his head by itself. They see and
believe, for they did not yet know the Scripture that he has to rise from the
dead, therefore they went away again by themselves (20:3-10).
Luke places Kepha's
visit to the tomb after being told that YAHSHUA is risen.
John records Kepha and Yahchanan's visit in between Miriam of
Magdala's first and second visit, and before she bears witness of his
appearance and resurrection.
The seeming discrepancy between the order of events is resolved
by realizing John records that upon seeing the wrappings laying and the
cloth that was on his head neatly folded by itself, "Kepha and the disciple
whom YAHSHUA loved believed" for "they had not yet known the Scripture that
he has to rise from the dead." Clearly verses 3-10 of John chapter 20
are an inset (i.e. not written in chronological order, as we see all
throughout, and even in entire chapters of Tanakh), for it was YAHSHUA's
rising at which Kepha marveled, and the report of which by Miriam that they
Matthew -- The eleven went away into Galil, and when they saw
YAHSHUA they bowed to Him, but some doubted. (28:16,17)
Mark -- YAHSHUA appears in another form to two of
the disciples as they walked in the field (16:12), who in turn reported to the
rest which doubted (16:13). Afterwards He appears to the eleven as they
sat at a table, and rebukes their unbelief (16:14).
John -- YAHSHUA appears to the disciples in an inner
room (20:19), and after eight days appears again, this time also to Thomas
(20:26), and afterwards again to the taught ones on the sea of Kinnereth
Luke -- YAHSHUA meets two of the disciples walking
to Emmaeus, but restrains their eyes so they did not recognize Him.
Beginning at Mosheh and the prophets, he expounds in all the Scriptures the
matters concerning Himself as they travel, saying "O thoughtless
ones and slow of heart to believe in all that the prophets have spoken.
Was it not necessary for the Messiah to suffer these and to enter into His
esteem?" They recognize him as he breaks bread at the end
of their journey, and then obscures himself from their sight (24:13-31).
He then appears to the eleven saying "Shalom Aleichem" as they related this
that night to their brethren (24:33-36). Being startled and frightened,
they think to have seen a spirit (24:37), and while they were still not
believing for joy and marveling, He said:
"These are the words which I spoke to you while I was
still with you, that all have to be filled that were written in the Torah of
Mosheh, and the Prophets, and the Psalms concerning me." then He opened
their minds to understand the Scriptures, and said to them, "Thus it has been
written, and so it was necessary for the Messiah to suffer and to rise again
from the dead the third day, and that repentance and forgiveness of sins
should be proclaimed in His Name in all nations, beginning at Yahrushalem, and
you are witnesses of these things. (24:44-48)
Rather than raising question
as to the validity of the resurrection account, the
easily reconcilable variations in perspective and writing style of the
disciples actually further confirms the resurrection account's validity, as
recorded by individual, accurate eye-witnesses, at different times,
HUMBLY ADMITTING THEIR OWN LACK OF FAITH AND LACK OF UNDERSTANDING,
rather than being "authored by the hand of the Church under pseudo-names of
make-believe disciples with a glossed over, artificial,
'too-good-to-be-true' finish". Additionally, the Apostolic accounts
stand up to the test of two or three witnesses each
independently establishing a word, as prescribed by Tanakh, which in a
Scriptural, or any just court of law, WOULD be allowed to stand as
Indeed, "The displeasure of
YAHWEH shall not turn back until He has done and established the
purposes of His heart. In the latter days you shall understand
it perfectly!" (Jeremiah
1. Babylonian Talmud, chapter 4 folio 37
2. Sanhedrin 97b